JANUARY Cellar prepared for pressing season. FEBRUARY Harvest time. MARCH Harvest time. APRIL Prepare new vineyards. MAY General maintenance. JUNE Pruning after leaves have fallen. JULY Pruning and planting. AUGUST Ploughing of cover crop. SEPTEMBER Trellising and spring fertilizer. OCTOBER Tipping: the removal of the first 2-5 cm of growing shoot to enhance development and allowing the fruit to set better. NOVEMBER Topping: the removal of 15-25 cm of a young growing shoot, by hitting it off with a strong switch or thin stick, to allow good air circulation and prevent disease. DECEMBER Irrigation, hedging and disease control.